Children who have extreme trouble sitting still, paying attention to tasks, and focusing may have a condition called attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, or ADHD. Although this condition is typically diagnosed in childhood, it may persist into adolescence and even adulthood.
Stimulant medications are among the most common treatment options for ADHD. Misinformation still persists, however, about the safety and effectiveness of these drugs, especially in children. While it is true that drugs for ADHD can have potentially significant side effects, when prescribed properly and with careful monitoring, they can be beneficial. Behavioral therapy is also often a part of most treatment plans.
(Click ADHD for more information, including how this condition is diagnosed, possible complications and challenges with treatment, and important facts on who it affects.)