ADHD Home > Dexedrine Abuse
How Is Dexedrine Abused?There are many ways that Dexedrine is abused. Some people abuse Dexedrine by taking it in the way it was designed to be taken (by mouth). Others may inject, smoke, or snort Dexedrine. Because Dexedrine is so commonly prescribed, it is usually not difficult to find ways to obtain Dexedrine illegally. People often use the Internet to get Dexedrine illegally.
The History Behind Stimulants and Their AbuseHistorically, stimulants were used to treat asthma and other breathing problems, obesity, neurological disorders, and a variety of other ailments. As their potential for abuse and addiction became apparent, the use of stimulants began to decrease. Now, stimulants are prescribed for treating only a few health conditions, including narcolepsy, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and depression that has not responded to other treatments. Stimulants may also be used for short-term treatment of obesity and for patients with asthma.
Stimulants, such as Dexedrine, have chemical structures that are similar to key brain neurotransmitters, called monoamines. Stimulants increase the levels of these chemicals, such as norepinephrine and dopamine, in the brain and body. This, in turn, increases blood pressure and heart rate, constricts blood vessels, increases blood sugar levels, and opens up the pathways of the respiratory system. In addition, the increase in dopamine is associated with a sense of euphoria that can accompany the use of stimulants.
Research indicates that people with ADHD do not become addicted to stimulant medications, such as Dexedrine, when taken in the form and dosage prescribed. However, when misused, stimulants can be addictive.
Possible Consequences of Dexedrine Abuse
The consequences of Dexedrine abuse can be extremely dangerous. Taking high doses of a stimulant can result in:
- An irregular heartbeat
- Dangerously high body temperatures
- The potential for cardiovascular failure or seizures.
Taking high doses of some stimulants repeatedly over a short period of time can lead to hostility or feelings of paranoia in some individuals. Stopping Dexedrine after taking large doses over a long period of time can lead to withdrawal symptoms (see Dextroamphetamine Withdrawals).