Methylin uses include the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy. By producing a calming effect, the medication helps children with ADHD stay focused and pay attention. It also produces a stimulating effect to help people with narcolepsy stay awake during the day. On occasion, healthcare providers may recommend off-label Methylin uses, such as for weight loss, the treatment of depression, and the treatment of adult ADHD.
There are currently four forms of Methylin available:
- Methylin tablets
- Methylin chewable tablets
- Methylin oral solution
- Methylin ER tablets.
ADHD is a condition involving difficulty paying attention, sitting still, and controlling behavior. In ADHD, these problems are worse than expected for a typical child of the same age. Usually, these symptoms must be present before the age of seven to qualify as ADHD. The symptoms must also affect school, work, or social life in a negative way (see ADHD and School and Relationships and ADHD for more information).
Although ADHD is generally thought of as a problem in children, teenagers and adults can also have it. The process used to diagnose the condition in adults is different from that used to diagnose it in children. However, Methylin is not approved for adult ADHD.
Any behavioral change involves a well-balanced ADHD treatment plan, including social, educational, and mental therapy (see Behavior Therapy for ADHD). If lifestyle changes alone are not effective in changing behavior, ADHD medications (such as Methylin) may be necessary.
Methylin is a stimulant, but it can have effects that are opposite from what would be expected of a stimulant. While stimulants (like caffeine) can cause hyperactivity, when used at doses intended for ADHD treatment, Methylin usually has a calming effect. While it is not known exactly how the drug achieves this, it is known that it affects chemicals in the brain (see Methylphenidate and D2 Receptors for more information).